War and defence operations refer to the coordinated military actions of a state or state independent party, usually in response to a particular event that has caused them to take action.
These operations are developed and carefully calculated by high ranking commanding officers in order to resolve the given circumstance, usually within their own favour. Operations differ considering the circumstance, with some designed to be of a combat nature, and others that of a non-combat nature, and are usually given a code name.
Depending on the scale in which they are to be performed, war and defence operations are named accordingly. A theatre operation, or theatre of war, is an operation over a large area, where economic and political factors are taken into account as well as military ones. For example, during the Second World War, Europe and the Pacific would have been two separate theatres of war.
A campaign is smaller than the theatre of war, normally focusing on one location, rather than a whole nation, and is just one objective out of many. A battle operation is a subset of a campaign, which involves separate instances in a military campaign operation.
An engagement operation refers to tactical combat, taking place in larger operations such as battles, with the aim to establish control over a specific objective. A military strike is an operation that aims to be quick and accurate that carries one specific goal. An example could be an assassination or destroying enemy infrastructure such as railway lines to prevent enemy troops from being resupplied.
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