Urban planning consists of a political and technical process which focuses on the development and design of a land use in an urban area. The discipline considers also the air, water and infrastructure which are in and out the urban areas.
Urban planning considers primarily the public welfare which deals with the efficiency, sanitation, use and protection of the environment as well as social and economic interests.
Urban planning is closely related to urban design as urban planners usually provide a design of streets, parks, buildings and other urban elements.
Although the discipline is primarily focused on the planning of settlement and communities, it focuses also on how water and natural resources are used to conserve the natural environment.
Also, urban planning consists of research, analysis, strategic thinking, design, public consultation, policy recommendation, management and implementation. As well as this, the discipline works in collaboration with different architecture fields such as landscape architecture, civil engineering and public administration.
Furthermore, urban planning includes different branches which are land-use planning, environmental planning, transportation planning, zoning and economic development.
Apart from urban planning, there are different scales of planning which includes national planning, provincial planning and municipal planning.
National planning is responsible for the development of a strategic plan which focuses on the whole country. Provincial planning instead concentrates on the policies and principles which regulate the development of a plan on a national level.
Finally, municipal planning is the most detailed level of planning as it considers singular aspects of districts.
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