A transplant surgeon is someone who performs organ transplantations in order to prolong or save someone’s life.
There are many organs that can be transplanted and they include kidneys, livers, lungs, hearts, the pancreas, both the small and large intestine, faces, tracheal tissue and penises.
At the present time, brain transplants are not possible, but currently, there is a lot of research going into the subject. Even if it was possible, it would be very controversial for many as it proposes a lot of ethical issues. Although the transplantation of individual neurons and supportive brain tissue has been done and may be a lot more practical and less controversial than an entire brain transplant.
There are indeed distinct parameters for who is eligible for the transplantation of different organs. These parameters include age, how long they have been on the waiting list, how urgently an organ is needed and whether their disease has turned fatal.
Special training is required when finding organs for the very young, as knowledge is needed in the paediatric and newborn transplantation procedures. There are also sometimes cut-off ages for receiving an organ or tissue transplant, and is dependent on the location, institutions involved, the surgical team, how long they will live after the transplant, among others.
Transplantation rejection concerns, finding donors or have others give consent, the need to match them and to screen the needed blood products, and maintaining sterility and asepsis are all very relevant issues where transplant surgery is concerned.
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