The term tort, in common law jurisdictions, refers to a civil wrong. These wrong behaviours are done by one party to another and as a result, the victim may take a civil action against the offender.
As torts are civil actions which involve private parties, the penalties do not include the incarceration. However, most of the punishments consist of refounding the injured party with money.
Tort law can be similar to criminal law when the purpose of the victim is to obtain a civil remedy for damages.
There are three different types of torts: intentional torts, negligence torts and strict liability torts.
Intentional torts refer to the voluntary act done by offenders against another individual with the aim of provoking harm. This type of tort can be an assault, a fraud, a false imprisonment or the invasion of privacy.
Negligence torts are not purposeful actions but they are any duties or activities which individuals or entities fail to accomplish. These type of torts lead to a personal injury or monetary damages.
Strict liability torts relate to cases in which an individual is responsible for a wrong event even if he/she was not willing to create this action.
Delict is a term adopted in civil law jurisdiction to indicate a civil wrong. This action consists of an intentional violation of a duty of care which provokes loss or harm to the victim.
The term delict has different meanings depending on legal systems; however, it is always based on the idea of the wrong behaviour.
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