The theory of music is the study of the practices and possibilities of music. This discipline usually describes how musicians and composers create music, considering both the toning systems and composition methodologies. As the conception of music is developing over the time, the theory of music should include topics such as sonic phenomena and silence.
The development and transmission of the theory of music date back to the oral and written music-making traditions and other artefacts. Nowadays, the theory of music is a branch of musicology, which focuses on both musical cultures and history.
The theory of music concerns abstract items such as tuning and tonal systems, as well as scales, rhythms, and consonance and dissonance. Nevertheless, the discipline regards also practical aspects such as the creation of music, orchestration, improvisation and ornamentation.
Musicology is the discipline which concerns the analysis of music. This discipline is part of the humanities and individuals who are interested in it are known as musicologists.
Musicology includes three main subfields: historical musicology, ethnomusicology and systematic musicology. Historical musicology focuses on analysing music from a historical viewpoint. Ethnomusicology is the study of music considering a cultural context. Systematic musicology concentrates on the music acoustic, the science and technology of musical instruments, as well as the consequences that music has on psychology sociology, philosophy and physiology.
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