The term environment indicates everything that is around people, including both living and non-living elements. In other words, the environment is the natural world together with all its non-human aspects, features and processes.
Different disciplines, adopt the word environment in different areas. Psychology and medicine consider the environment as a group of people, physical things, places where a person lives, affecting the behaviour and development of the individual.
Biology and ecology focus on the natural environment and associate this word with all the natural materials and its living and non-living entities. Living elements consist of organisms such as animals and plants which interact with other elements. Instead, non-living items are natural items such as water, air, sunlight, sunset etc.
The term natural environment usually includes both ecological units and universal natural resource. Ecological units are part of the natural systems and do not have interaction with humans. These elements include all vegetation, soil, microorganism, rocks and natural events.
Instead, universal natural resources consist of all the elements which human can use. These items are the air, water, wood, oil, natural gas and iron.
Additionally to the natural environment, there are other two types of environment: the industrial environment and the social environment.
The industrial environment consists of all the economic, social, political and regulatory conditions which affect all people within a market.
Instead, the social environment refers to all the physical and social settings where people live. This type of environment includes both the individual’s culture and how people and institutions interact.
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