Sustainability is a process which permits people to meet their needs without compromising the ability of the next generations to meet their own requirements. The process focuses on three dimensions: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and social sustainability.
Environmental sustainability relates to the integrity of the environment by keeping a balance of the whole earth’s environmental system. As well as this, it concerns the equitable use of natural resources by humans, meaning that individuals can use natural resources at a rate where these can replenish themselves.
Economic sustainability concerns human communities around the world and their ability to maintain their independence and access financial resources to meet their needs. In a sustainable context, the economic system is intact and activities are available to all the members of the community.
Social sustainability refers to the universal human rights and the ability of people to access resources to sustain their families and communities. In healthy communities, leaders ensure that personal, cultural and labour rights are respected and there is no discrimination among individuals.
Different are the reasons behind sustainability. Most people invest in this subject because they want to offer a future to the next generations.
Sustainability can be measured in different ways, utilising different metrics. Sustainability considers variables such as the population density, the places' carrying capacity and the human impact on biodiversity.
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