The term consciousness relates to the people’s awareness of their feelings, thoughts, perceptions and surroundings at any given moment. With consciousness, humans are aware to be alive and they know what they are doing and how to evaluate and react to different external inputs.
The individuals’ consciousness varies throughout the day. Indeed, there are times when people are alert and other when they are sleeping. Nevertheless, consciousness is operating continuously from a high level of awareness to the point of being totally unaware. People’s awareness of internal events and external surrounding is known as a state of consciousness.
States of consciousness can be divided into two broad categories the normal waking consciousness and the altered states of consciousness.
The normal waking consciousness happens when people are aware of what is happening around them, as well as they understand where they are, what they are thinking and what they feel. This state can be described as an organised, meaningful and clear status. Through the day, the level of consciousness may vary; however, these changes are part of the normal waking consciousness.
On the other side altered states of consciousness are defined as any state of consciousness which differs from the normal waking consciousness. This group usually includes status produced by psychological drugs (including alcohol), meditation techniques, fever, psychosis and sleep. These types of states can have a cultural meaning and happen through religious experiences. As well as this, an altered state of consciousness can be introduced voluntarily or occur naturally.
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