Sports injuries are those offences that occur during an athletic activity or exercising. There are different types of sports injuries including traumatic injuries, catastrophic injuries and repetitive stress injuries.
Firstly, traumatic injuries are those which are provoked by external forces. Most of the traumatic injuries happen in sports such as ice hockey, rugby, football, Australian football and American football, due to their dynamic nature. Also, traumatic injuries include contusion, wounds, bone fracture, strain, sprain, and cramps.
Secondly, catastrophic injuries are those that affect the human head, spine or brain (e.g. fractures of the skull or spine).
Thirdly, repetitive stress injuries are usually associated with specific sports and include the runner’s knee, the tennis elbow and the tendinosis.
Different are the factors which can cause these injuries including both personal factors and extrinsic circumstances. Personal factors are those related to gender, age, malnutrition or congenital irregularities. External determinants relate to the sports equipment, the condition of the sports settings and the insufficient warm-up phase.
These type of injuries are usually treated by a specific branch of medicine: sports medicine. This discipline deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries caused by sports and exercise.
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