A society is a group of people who are involved in continuing social interactions and share the same territory, political authority and cultural expectations. As well as this, individuals who belong to a society use the same language, customs and traditions.
The term society derives from the Latin ‘societas’ which indicates a civil and friendly interaction between parties.
According to sociologists and anthropologists, over the time, there have been seven different type of societies, which differ from each other depending on how people use technologies and natural resources. These seven types of society are hunting and gathering societies, pastoral societies, horticultural societies, agricultural societies, feudal societies, industrial societies and post-industrial societies.
Hunting and gathering societies differed from other communities by the fact that people survived by hunting animals and collecting plants. Usually, these societies were formed by a small group of people who were moving constantly in search of food and water. Hunting and gathering societies were also tribal communities as their members were sharing traditions and rituals.
Pastoral societies emerged more than 12,000 years and they were using animals to get food and transportation.
Contrary to pastoral societies, people belonging to horticultural communities were cultivating fruits, vegetables and plants to survive, and were always looking for fertile lands.
Agricultural communities were adopting technological tools to cultivate crops on a vast area. These communities became popular after the agricultural revolution which permitted people to utilise new tools to cultivate and raise farm animals.
From the 9th to the 15th-century, feudalism has been the predominant form of society. Feudalist communities were was based on a lord ownership of a land which was cultivated by vassals.
Then, in the 18th century, due to the industrial revolution, industrial societies raised. These communities were based on the production of goods by using machines.
Finally, sociologies tend to recognise also a post-industrial society which is currently active and based on information, knowledge and services. This community does not focus on the production of goods but on the generation, storage, manipulation and sale of information.
All the societies aspects are studied and analysed by social sciences, a category of academic disciplines interested in the relationships among individuals. Social sciences include anthropology, archaeology, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health and sociology.
Are you interest in these topics? Browse the Kortext category “Society and Social Sciences” and discover our wide range of digital textbooks related to these subjects. Our eBooks will help you succeeding in your studies.
Still can’t find the book you need? Take a look at our other categories or different publishers or other authors, we have more than 500,000 ebooks to choose from. Enjoy your reading with Kortext!