Social law is a concept of law which replaces the division of public and private law. The term has been adopted to refer to that type of law that is in between the public and private subjects such as corporate law, labour law, competition law and social security.
Corporate law is the body of law which deals with the rights, relations and behaviours of people, organisations and businesses. It deals with matters that arise from the life cycle of the business. This type of law regulates how corporations, directors, stakeholders, employees, customers and the community interact together.
Labour law is the body of law that deals with the relationship between employers, employees, trade unions and the government. This type of law has been developed during the period of the industrial revolution as the relations between workers and employers changed. As well as this, employees were looking for better working conditions and employers for more flexible and cheaper workforce.
Competition law relates to the body of law that tries to maintain a market competition and avoid anti-competitive behaviours by businesses. This type of law relates to the Roman empire when all the business practices were subjected to scrutiny and severe sanctions.
Social security consists of a governmental system which gives monetary assistance to people with do not have an adequate income. The term relates also to programs willing to promote the people welfare by guaranteeing them access to resources to live a good life.
In the 19th century, jurists have started questioning the rigid division between private and public law. Therefore, different theories on social law and justice have been developed. One of the most important ones is the theory of Otto von Gierke.
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