Semiotics is a discipline which focuses on the meaning-making and sign process, as well as the meaningful communication. Semiotics include the examination of signs and sign processes, analogy, metonymy, signification, communication and metaphor. Furthermore, the discipline focuses on non-linguistic sign systems.
Semiotics relates to both the anthropological and sociological dimensions, as well as to the logical and scientific ones.
The importance of signs has been studied over the years by different philosophers and psychologists. Indeed, both Aristotle and Plato have focused their studies on the relationships between signs and the world and Augustine considered the nature of the sign within a conventional system.
People who focus on semiotics are known as semioticians and classify the signs in different groups, depending on the way they are transferred. Therefore, signs can be visual, tactile, auditory, gustatory, kinesthetic and olfactory.
Different are the branches of semiotics including biosemiotics, semiotic anthropology, computational semiotics, cognitive semiotics, film semiotics, law semiotics, music semiology, structuralism, urban semiotics, visual semiotics and semiotic of photography.
Semiology is a concept which originated by Saussure who focused on the sign, seen as a conceptual object that owns a signifier and a signified.
Semiology and semiotics are two disciplines which concentrated on semiosis, a relation that involves three elements: object and mind, sign and classification of the sign.
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