Sanitary engineering is that branch of engineering which adopts engineering methods to improve the sanitation of human society by providing the removal and disposal of human waste as well as supply safe and potable water.
The discipline is not linked directly to environmental factors which affect public health. Indeed, the main aim of the discipline is to prevent diseases by checking the quality of the drinkable water, removing garbage from residential areas and treating the wastewater.
Sanitary engineering is an interdisciplinary field which includes elements such as hydraulics, information technology, microbiology, pathology and constructive modelling.
Usually, sanitary engineers work for municipalities and have different tasks such as collect the waste and maintain wastewater facilities and stormwater drainage systems. As well as this, sanitary engineers look after the preservation of the public water supply, the collection of residential waste and the recycling process.
Municipal engineering is that branch of engineering which collaborates with municipal infrastructure. This discipline includes the specification, design, construction and maintaining of streets, sewers, water supply networks, street lighting, municipal solid waste management and disposal and cycling.
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