Sagas are stories which relate to the Nordic and Germanic history, as well as the Vikings travels and their battles. These stories were written in Iceland by using the Old Norse language.
Sagas are tales written in prose which are similar to epic poems; nevertheless, some sagas are written in stanzas and alternative verses. These stories are usually realistic, with the exception of legendary sagas, sagas of bishops, sagas of saints and romances.
The term 'saga' comes from the Norse sagas which are divided into Kings’ sagas, sagas of Icelanders, contemporary sagas, short tales of Icelanders, chivalric sagas, saints’ sagas, legendary sagas, and bishops’ sagas.
Kings’ sagas are old Norse tales which narrate the lives of Nordic kings. These stories have been created between the 12th and 14th century in Iceland and Norway.
The Sagas of Icelanders, also known as family sagas, are tales narrating historical events that happened in Iceland between the 9th and 11th century.
Contemporary sagas are those which focus on the life of Nordic and Germanic societies as well as Vikings.
The short tales of Icelander's concern stories written in Iceland between the 13th and 14th century. They usually describe the kings’ qualities and their good and bad actions.
Chivalric sagas are those tales which have a romantic topic. They have been created in the 13th century through the translation of the French chansons de geste and the Latin romances.
Saints’ sagas are those stories which outline the biographies of saints who were living in the medieval western Scandinavia.
Legendary sagas are those tales written before the colonisation of Iceland.
Finally, bishops’ sagas are those stories composed between the 13th and 14th century and which narrate the life of Icelandic bishops.
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