Rheumatology is a branch of medicine which focuses on the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Physicians who are specialised in this subject are known as rheumatologists. Rheumatologists focus on immune-mediated disorders of soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, and musculoskeletal system.
Furthermore, most of these disorders are known as being part of the immune system so as the subject is considered to be the study and practice of medical immunology.
There are various diseases which are studied by rheumatologists including degenerative arthropathies, inflammatory arthropathies, systemic conditions and connective tissue diseases and soft tissue rheumatism.
As well as this, rheumatologists use different methodologies to diagnose rheumatic problems, including Schober's test tests, multiple joint inspection and musculoskeletal examination.
Most of the rheumatic diseases are treated with analgesics, steroids, NSAID, DMARDs and monoclonal antibodies. However, there are some cases in which the diseases have to be treated with a surgery. Rheumasurgery has the purpose to limit the disease activity, decrease the pain and improve the function.
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