Nephrologists, doctors who specialise in renal medicine, diagnose and treat patients with kidney disease.
There are different diseases which can affect the kidneys, and these are as follows:
Autoimmune disorders (where the body lacks its own tissues) such as systemic lupus erythematosus, connective tissue inflammation, or vasculitis, blood vessel inflammation.
Hyperextension (high blood pressure)
Nephrologists are also concerned with patients who have acute kidney injury, which is when only the kidney is affected. Acute kidney injuries could be as a result of a drug reaction, or as part of a multi-system failure resulting from septicaemia, or blood poisoning. On the other side of the spectrum, they manage patients with ‘end-stage’ kidney failure, either by dialysis or a kidney transplantation.
Nephrologists tend to work in renal units, based in district general hospitals or university teaching hospitals – although these two types are very similar, renal transplants tend to mostly take place in university teaching hospitals.
Nephrologists treat patients for conditions such as congenital and genetic disorders, autoimmune disorders, resistant hypertension, kidney infections, metabolic disorders, kidney tumours and renal failure due to external factors.
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