The term ‘rehabilitation’ in medicine refers to the methods adopted to improve an individual’s neurocognitive functions after a disease or a trauma. There are three common neuropsychological issues which can be treated with rehabilitation: attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders, concussion, and spinal cord injury.
There are various methodologies used in rehabilitation including speech therapy, occupational therapy and methods which stimulate the use of specific brain functions. These functions are usually impaired because of traumatic brain injuries and they are the most difficult aspects to rehabilitate.
As well as this, neurocognitive techniques such as cognitive rehabilitation therapy can be used to treat cognitive impairments caused by different brain diseases.
Furthermore, the word ‘rehabilitation’ in medicine can also relate to physical medicine which aims to enhance end restore the ability and quality of life of those people who have physical impairments or disease. Physicians who are working in this field are known as physiatrists and specialise in restoring the muscles, bones, and ligaments functions of those people who had an injury.
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