Regional Geography is a major branch of geography which concentrates on the interaction of different cultures and natural aspects in a specific place, known as a region.
A region is a geographical unit which has its own physical characteristics, human impact features and distinct interactions between individuals and the environment. A region can be a global continental region, a hydrospheric region or an atmospheric region.
Different branches of geography have used the term region to outline the spatial area of a land; however, the discipline who deals with the specific features of an area is known as regional geography.
This discipline focuses on regional aspects such as culture, economy, climate, politics and topography, as well as, environmental factors and species of flora and fauna.
Regional geography concentrates also on the specific boundaries between regions which are known as transition zones and represent the beginning and the end of a specific area.
The origins of regional geography date to the late 19th century when a French geographer, Paul Vidal de la Blanche, developed the ideas of ‘milieu, ‘pays’ and ‘possibilism’. The term milieu indicated the natural environment; the word pays meant the country; finally, possibilism was the theory asserting that the environment has limitations on humans; however, through the development of cultures, individuals can face this issue and define a region.
After spreading in Europe, regional geography developed in the US during the years of the first and second world war.
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