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Referencing is the act to acknowledge the contribution of other authors in personal work. Nowadays, every institutional written work must contain citations to give credit to the authors who have permitted the writer to generate his/her ideas. By referencing a work of particular authors, writers acknowledge and respect the intellectual property rights of that researchers. References should always be accurate and clear as the reader can easily find out where the information comes from. Finally, by using citations, writers make their writing more persuasive.
Not only printed sources require acknowledgement but all the words, ideas and information taken from any documents (e.g. ebooks, eJournal, PDF Files). As well as this, also multimedia files such as films, documentaries, video, and advertisements must be acknowledged if used in a work.
Information science is a discipline related to the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation and protection of information. Traditionally, information science was related to subjects like computer science, library science and telecommunications. Nevertheless, nowadays the discipline incorporates also fields like archival science, cognitive science, commerce, law, management, mathematics, social science and public policy. The term information science does not have to be confused with information theory which is the study of different communication types.
Information science has ancient origins as the term information analysis has been originated during the Abyssinian Empire due to the development of archives and libraries. Institutionally, the discipline has emerged during the 19th century; however, if we consider the subject as a science, this has emerged in the 17th century with the publication of the first scientific journal.
Finally, the term interdisciplinary studies consist of the combination of two or more academic disciplines in one subject. The concept is strictly related with the term integration as it consists of a mix of ideas, information, data and method from two or more disciplines. For over a century, educational institutions have relied on academic disciplines to spread the knowledge and generate new ones. However, nowadays, interdisciplinary studies are becoming popular as they are able to answer complex questions and solve difficult issues.
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