Public speaking consists of performing a speech to a live audience. This type of speech has usually different purposes, including to inform, to persuade or to entertain. Public speaking is usually related to a formal, face to face way of speaking to a single person or a group of individuals.
Lasswell found five fundamental elements of public speech: the communicator, message, medium, audience and effect. Public speaking should have the goal to transmit information, tell a story or motivate a people to act. As well as this, the discipline can have the form of a discourse community, meaning that the audience and speaker use this medium to achieve common goals.
Public speaking is a discipline which has ancient roots. Indeed, in the classical Greece and Rome, public speaking was a vital skill used by citizens both in public and private life.
With the tech development, new tools have been adopted in the context of public speaking. Indeed, new technologies have permitted people to have a more sophisticated communication. Currently, technologies assist the public-speaking atmosphere including both telecommunication and video conferencing, changing completely the way public speakers communicate with individuals across the world. As well as this, the use of head-mounted display such as virtual reality platforms, have permitted public speakers to be immersed in a different environment where they can educate the public in different situations.
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