The term ‘sources of law’ refers to the origins of laws, which are the rules then enable any nation to govern its territory. As well as this, the term may refer to the entity which created the law.
Sources of law include both primary and secondary sources. Primary sources of law supply first-hand and original information, which comes from official bodies. Primary sources include treaties, decisions of courts and tribunals, regulations, and statutes.
A treaty is an agreement which belongs to international law and is created by sovereign states and international organisations. A treaty is also known as international agreement as well as, protocol convention, pact, covenant and exchange of letters. Currently, the main aim of treaties is to stipulate a written document that binds two or more states.
Tribunal decisions can be both oral speeches or written documents. These fair decisions are taken by the adjudicator after having heard the disputes. During the decision process, the adjudicator has the right to know the case and respond, and can’t be biased. Furthermore, he/she must take the decision, as well as provide reasons which support his/her choice.
Court decisions are proclamations formulated by a judge which outline the relationships between parties during a hearing, trial or other court proceedings. A court decision must be signed by a judge, as well as notarized.
Regulations are a set of rules issued by a governmental agency under the delegation of a legislature. Regulations differ from statutory law which is promulgated by the legislative branch.
Statutes are written documents which are produced by a legislative authority that governs a city, state or county. Normally, statutes command or prohibited some actions, as well as declare policy.
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