The term ‘political corruption’ refers to the use of powers by political officials to achieve illegitimate private aims.
There are different forms of political corruption including extortion, patronage, nepotism, graft and bribery. Corruption usually facilitates criminal actions including money laundering, drug trafficking and human trafficking.
Political corruption brings negative effects to the society as it undetermined democracy and does not allow a good governance. Corruption in political elections creates an unreal representation on policing making, as well as brings nations to the status of fragile states. Furthermore, political corruption has negative effects on the economy of the states affected, as well as on their environment and society. Also, it has effects on health, education and humanitarian aid.
There are several situations which are favourable for corruption, including a lack of information, a lack of governmental control and difficult social situation.
Nowadays, there are various institutions around the world which are dealing with political corruption, including the Global Witness, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Group of States Against Corruption, the International Anti-Corruption Academy, and the Transparency International.
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