Physiology refers to the study of the functions and mechanisms which works within a living system. Traditionally, physiology was considered the bases of both the biological and medical science. Nevertheless, recently, there have been several debates about this thought and the vitality of this science.
Over the years, physiology has generated various medical sciences such as neuroscience, endocrinology and immunology.
The discipline can also be considered as a subfield of biology as it focuses on how organisms, cells, organs and biomolecules work within a living system.
The origins of this discipline date back to classical Greece, during the time of Hippocrates. However, it is only in the 20th century that physiology has started being interested in how organisms work.
Physiology can also be divided into several sub-disciplines including human physiology, animal physiology, microbial physiology, viral physiology and plant physiology, as well as cell physiology, molecular physiology, ecological physiology, integrative physiology, environmental physiology, evolutionary physiology, applied physiology and non-applied physiology.
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