Phonetics is a branch of linguistics which focuses on the sounds of the human speech and physical properties of the sounds, including their production, acoustic properties, auditory perception and neurophysiological status.
Considering the oral languages, phonetics can be divided into articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics and auditory phonetics. Articulatory phonetics is the study of the organs of speech and how they produce the sounds. Acoustic phonetics focuses on the physical transmission of the sounds between two individuals, the speaker and the listener. Auditory phonetics concerns the reception and perception of the sounds by the listener.
Phonetics can be also transcripted. Phonetic transcription is a system which permits to transcribe the sounds of a speech. The most famous system of phonetic transcriptions is the International Phonetic Alphabet which permits users to transcribe the phones of different languages and dialects.
Phonology is the branch of linguistics which focuses on the organisation of sounds in different languages. The phonological system of a language consists of different sounds and their features, as well as the rules which permit people to understand how the sounds interact with each other. Phonology is strictly related to phonetics, as well as morphology, syntax and pragmatics.
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