Palaeontology is the study of the life which existed before the Holocene Epoch. The discipline focuses on the examination of fossils which outlines the evolution of organisms and their interaction with the environment. The science became relevant in the 18th century with the work of Georges Cuvier on comparative anatomy. Additionally, in the 19th century, the discipline grew rapidly.
Palaeontology is a science which can be related to both biology and geology and uses different techniques that are shared by a range of sciences such as biochemistry, engineering and mathematics. These methodologies have helped the science to discover the evolution of life 3.8 billion years ago.
Palaeontology look for information of past organisms, including their identity and origins, their evolution, and their relations with the Earth’s organic and inorganic past.
Palaeontology is a historical science along with astronomy, geology, archaeology and philology. This means that the main goal of this science is to describe the phenomena of the past and understand their causes. As well as this, the science is divided into different sub-branches including vertebrate palaeontology, invertebrate palaeontology, palaeobotany, palynology, micropaleontology, paleoecology, palaeoclimatology and biostratigraphy.
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