The tension between countries and past conflicts mean both warfare and defence are a constant issue for nations to contemplate. Investing in one’s defence suggests the expectation of war, but if a country’s defence is not strong enough if war were ever to come, then lack of preparation would be their greatest failure.
Investing in defence needs a great deal of funding, which means money has to be taken from another source in order to concentrate efforts towards it. Consequently, the government of a nation is burdened with a huge dilemma, one that risks upsetting its population.
As a matter of fact, global military spending has gone up by 1.1% since 2016, hitting $1.739 trillion in 2017. The United Kingdom alone spent $47.2 billion in 2017 alone, with the USA topping the world rankings, with a monumental $610 billion.
The UK’s famous Royal Navy is now down to just only 76 assets, only 6 of which are destroyers. Our armed forces are just under 200,000 men strong, which compared to countries such as China, who boasts over a two million man army, is not particularly impressive. This in itself is a warfare and defence issue, for if war were ever to break-out again - though unnecessary - we would find ourselves ill-prepared.
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