Organizational behaviour is the academic discipline that’s concerned with describing, understanding, controlling and predicting human behaviour in an organizational environment. Its importance in business is growing due to changing cultural and ethical environments of organizations.
The discipline is the study of how people behave both individually and within formal and informal groups. It is an important study within the realm of business management because every organization’s performance is ultimately dependent on its human resources, as well as the ability of the people working towards the desired goals and objectives.
Organizational behaviour helps to understand the different actions of people within the organization they are working in, and can, in turn, be studied, analysed and then used to motivate specific individuals accordingly. People, environment, technology and structure are the main four elements of organizational behaviour.
Programmes focused on the study of organizational behaviour are usually found in business schools, and university modules concerned with social behaviour and psychology. They draw from the fields of anthropology, ethnography and leadership studies while using qualitative and quantitative methods to explore the topic.
The application of the theory from the field can be separated into sections of personality, job satisfaction, reward management, leadership, power, authority and politics.
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