Nursing is a profession which belongs to the healthcare field and focuses on the care of individuals, communities and families in order to maintain or recover a healthy quality of life. There are different types of nurses depending on their approach to patient care, training as well as the scope of practice.
Nursing, as a discipline, dates back to the 5th century BC. However, professional nursing began in the 19th century, after the Crimean war. Florence Nightingale highlights these origins in her Notes on Nursing (1859). Also, the 20th century has been crucial for the discipline as hospital-based training, focused on practical experiences, has been developed.
Among the different activities a nurse takes on a daily basis, there are daily living assistance, medication and patient education.
Nurses practices in different settings and their roles are usually divided depending on the needs of the person being nursed. Usually, nurses focus on specific segments of society such as communities, families, adults, children, and babies. Nevertheless, other specialized areas are cardiac nursing, orthopaedic nursing, palliative care, obstetrical nursing, perioperative nursing, oncology nursing, telenursing and nursing informatics.
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