A music genre is a conventional division which identifies a piece of music belonging to specific traditions or set of conventions. The term 'music genre' differs from the concepts of musical form and musical style, although these terms are usually interchangeable.
Music can be divided into different genres which sometimes may overlap. This division is done considering the trichotomy of art which distinguishes art, popular and traditional music.
Art music relates to classical traditions and includes both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music is still relevant in different parts of the world and focuses on enhancing the formal styles, inviting listeners to criticise and listen carefully.
Popular music refers to a music style which is accessible to the general public and promoted by mass media. Popular music usually is listenable on public radio stations as well as on televisions.
Traditional music is the modern name of the so-called ‘folk music’.
Alternatively, music can be classified using three variables: arousal, valence and depth. Arousal refers to the energy level of music; valence refers to the music scale of emotion (from sad to happy); depth reflects the music level of intensity. These variables help to explain the reasons why some people prefer a song instead of another.
Music style is the categorisation of music, which focuses on how music is played. Music can be classified in different styles which have their own subcategories. The most important styles of music are rock, reggae, heavy metal, jazz, hip hop, punk rock, funk, classical, pop, country, dance, disco, soul, blues and folk.
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