Molecular biology focuses on the interactions between the various systems of a cell, including DNA, RNA and the protein synthesis. Also, it analyses how these interactions are governed and regulated. The main aim of molecular biology is to understand the molecular basis of genetic processes.
Researchers in molecular biology uses different techniques related to the discipline, as well as ideas and methodologies from genetics and biochemistry.
The discipline has started becoming important from the 1940s. Traditionally, the discipline was focused on understanding the three-dimensional structure of proteins. Then, in 1950s researchers working in molecular biology provided the description of the DNA. Afterwards, scientists by gaining more knowledge around this topic, have started to analyse the RNA and its chemical substances. Since the 1970s, the discipline has started being applied for practical use.
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