Midwifery relates to all the activities which aim to look after women in pregnancy as well as during their childbirth process and postpartum period.
The origins of this discipline are very old. In ancient Egypt, midwifery was very popular as a female occupation, and in the Greco-Roman world, the discipline was practised by women who were trained and considered as physicians. Nevertheless, only in the 20th century, midwifery became a professional activity where individuals who were aiming to become midwives had to have a period of apprenticeship.
Currently, midwifery is still a very popular profession. However, the specific standards and education related to this discipline differ from country to country. As well as this, nowadays, there are two types of midwives: direct-entry midwives and nurse midwives. Direct-entry midwives are those who receive a formation course to practice the role of midwives. Instead, nurse-midwifery is a profession which involves a post-nursing education.
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