Medical bioinformatics or health informatics consists of information engineering applied to the medical sector. In simpler words, medical bioinformatics is the discipline which manages and uses the patient healthcare data.
Medical bioinformatic is a multidisciplinary discipline which uses health information technology to improve healthcare by combining higher quality, new opportunities and higher efficiency.
Medical bioinformatics involves different disciplines including information science, social science, behavioural science, management science and computer science. The main aim of medical bioinformatics is to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval and use of patient information through the use of different resources, devices and methods.
The discipline is applied to different medical areas including nursing, dentistry, clinical medicine, physical therapy, public health, occupational therapy, biomedical research and alternative medicine.
The use of technology in the medicine area has started in the 1950s with the rise of the computers. Over the years, specialised university programmes have started spreading in Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands. Nowadays, the application of technology in the medical field is one of the main goals of the U.S. and the European Union.
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