Materials science, also known as material sciences and engineering, is an interdisciplinary field which focuses on the design and discovery of new materials, above all solids. The origins of materials science date back to the Enlightenment when research has started to focus on analytical methodologies coming from physics, chemistry and engineering to understand observations in metallurgy and mineralogy.
The main purpose of the subject is outlining how the history of a material has an influence on its structure, properties and performances.
Materials sciences have received attention from universities, where researchers working on different departments such as physics, chemistry and chemical engineerings were using the subject in their researches. Nowadays important research areas include nanomaterials, biomaterials and electronic, optical and magnetic materials.
As well as this, the development of new materials has allowed the creation of new products and industries. In this context, materials scientists have begun converting materials in useful forms suitable for specific activities.
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