The history of literature consists of all the historical developments related to written works both in prose and poetry. As well as this, it includes the evolution of the literary techniques used in these documents.
The origins of literature can be associated with the publication of the fictional story ‘epic of Gilgamesh’, a myth poem which appeared in the 3rd century B.C.
During the ancient times, a type of literature has been developed: the ancient literature. This consists of a list of events and publications which happened during the ancient times. This type of literature started with the invention of the writing during the Bronze age.
The Medieval age sees another type of literature: the Medieval literature, which consisted of all the written works available in Europe during the Middle Ages. Most of these compositions focused on religious writings and secular works.
In the Renaissance period, the renaissance literature became important. This type of literature consisted of all the European written works which were influenced by both the intellectual and cultural trends of those years. Most of these works focused on movements which took place during the 14th century and continued until the 16th century.
Between the 16th and 18th century, the Early Modern Literature took place in Europe, Persia, India, and China.
Finally, since the 18th century, Modern Literature has become popular in Europe.
The term literary criticism relates to the study, evaluation, interpretation of literature. Over the years, this discipline has been influenced by the literary theory, a philosophical discussion of the literature’s goals and methods.
The origin of the literary criticism has existed as long as the literature. Therefore different types of literary criticisms exist. These are the classical and medieval criticism, the renaissance criticism, the enlightenment criticism, the19th-century Romantic criticism and the new criticism.
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