Law is defined as a system of rules which are generated and imposed through social or governmental institutions to regulate people’s behaviours and to ensure that the community members adhere to the state command.
Every modern society needs the law as to set out an appropriate behaviour which keeps the community balanced and stabilised. Indeed, without the law, people would become similar to animals and they would not be in control of their lives.
Nowadays, every country has its own legal system, based on the nation-specific features, which all citizens have to follow. There are two main types of legal systems: the common law system and the civil law system, which differ from features and structures.
The common law system is currently adopted by Britain and its former colonies, including Australia, Canada and US. This system is governed by the court-made laws which are generated over the time. Under the common law system, all citizens are subject to the same set of laws and also the government power is restricted by them. This system also has its own features. Firstly, it does not always have a written constitution or codified law. Secondly, the decisions of the highest court can be reversed by the same court or through legislation. Thirdly, the system allows an extensive freedom of contract and generally everything that is not written under the law is permitted.
The civil law legal system has been generated from the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian and it is adopted mostly in Europe and Asia. It is divided into two areas: the codified Roman law and the un-codified Roman law. The civil law legal system has its own features.. Firstly, the system has a written constitution related to specific codes, which conserves basic rights and duties. Secondly, new laws are created by judges without discussing them in an open court. Finally, judges usually generate new laws to modernize the codes with the advice of legal scholar.
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