Inorganic chemistry concerns itself with both the behaviour and synthesis of inorganic and organometallic compounds.
An inorganic compound is one that lacks a carbon atom, however, there are a few that do contain carbon, given its propensity for forming molecular bonds and these include carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. As they do not form the molecular bonds that carbon makes possible, they are often quite simple in structure. A good example of a simple, inorganic compound would be sodium chloride, its alias being household salt. It’s simple because it only contains two atoms; sodium and chlorine.
Organometallic compounds are characterised by prefixing the metal with ‘organo,’ e.g. organopalladium compounds, whereas classic compounds have bonds between one or more metal atoms and one or more carbon atoms of an organyl group.
Several inorganic compounds can be classified as ionic compounds as they consist of cations and anions joined by ionic bonding. Classes of inorganic compounds to note are the oxides, the carbonates, the sulphates and the halides. Many inorganic compounds are characterised by high melting points, and inorganic salts are typically weak conductors when they are solid.
The simplest inorganic reaction is something called double displacement, where two salts are mixed and ions are swapped, all without a change in their oxidation state. Inorganic compounds are predominantly found in nature as minerals and are also found multitasking as biomolecules, electrolytes, in construction or in energy storage.
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