Industrial relations is the field concerned with the employment relationship. The employment relationship covers the interrelations between employers and employees, labour and trade unions, employer organisations and the state.
Examining various employment situations, industrial relations has three sections; science building, problem-solving, and ethical/ideological. In the science building face, industrial relations is a social science seeking to understand the employment relationship and its institutions through high-quality research. Industrial relations in this sector are concerned with labour economics, industrial sociology, labour and social history, political science, law and human resource management.
The problem-solving face focuses on developing new policies to help settle conflicts in the workplace and help businesses run smoother in harmony. In the ethical sector, industrial relations contain strong principles about workers, such as the rejection of treating labour as a commodity.
Health and safety is a huge concern in the workplace and is governed by The Health and Safety Executive (HSE). It’s the body responsible for the regulation and enforcement or health, safety and welfare in the workplace. HSE was created during the Health and Safety at Work Act in 1974 and has been responsible for employees’ welfare in their places of work ever since.