History of architecture is a discipline which outlines the changes in architecture through different traditions, regions and dates.
This discipline has always been related to the history of art. The reason behind this relationship is explained by the fact that, firstly, architectural buildings are designed considering the concept of aesthetic and functionality. Secondly, most of the architectural structures have exterior or interior fine art paintings. Thirdly, architectural buildings are influenced by both visual and fine arts.
Ancient architectures have been developed with two functions in mind: to consolidate the security and power, and please the Gods.
The most famous ancient architectures are the Egyptian architecture, the Sumerian architecture, the early Irish architecture, the Minoan architecture, the Greek architecture and the Roman architecture.
The Egyptian architecture has developed during the 3100-2040 BCE and is well-known for its unique style. Indeed, it mostly consisted of enormous burial chambers in the form of pyramids or underground tombs.
The Sumerian architecture is famous for its buildings with a shape of stepped pyramids, known as a ziggurat. Contrary to the Egyptian architecture, these buildings were not create as tombs, but for religious purposes.
The Early Irish architecture appeared at the end of the Stone Age when ceremonial megaliths appeared in Northern Europe. This form of architecture consisted mostly of big and massive stones with a religious and ritualistic function.
The Minoan architecture utilised various stones, mud-brick and plaster to originate buildings which afterwards were decorated with murals and fresco paintings.
The Greek architecture is one of the most famous architecture and is divided into three eras: The Archaic Period, the Classical Period and the Hellenistic Period. Greek architecture used simple building techniques to build supporting columns made of stones. Typically, buildings in Greece had a rectangular shape and were surrounded by columns.
Finally, the Roman architecture focused more on engineering and military purposes. In their architecture, Romans were largely influenced by Etruscans and Greeks. The main purpose of this architecture was to satisfy the needs of the Roman state and preserve its security. As well as this, this architecture introduced the concept of arch and roof domes, as well as improved the efficiency and capability of bridges and aqueducts.
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