History is the discipline that studies the past, which events are outlined in written documents. Instead, circumstances which occurred before the written record are considered prehistory.
Not only, the term history refers to past events, but also to memory, discovery and collection of information about these occurrences.
History is also a term used to indicate the academic discipline which examines and analyses past event, as well as determine patterns of cause and effect that originated them.
The study of history focuses on events that happened over different periods of time. Historians gave these periods specific names which vary from geographical location to their beginning and end dates.
Recently, the discipline has been categorised into six different types: political history, diplomatic history, cultural history, social history, economic history and intellectual history.
Political history is the narration of the political situations and events which happened in the past. It analyses the political leaders, ideas, events and movements, as well as political documents (e.g. constitutions).
Diplomatic history is a branch of history which has become popular in the 19th century. This discipline focuses on the study of international relations between states.
Cultural history concentrates on traditions and cultural interpretations of the past. It focuses on different topics such as literature, sport and entertainment.
Social history concentrates on different societal norms and ways of living of people in the past by analysing customs, disciplines and status.
Economic history focuses on the economy of the past, considering both the goods’ production and consumption.
Finally, intellectual history aims to understand the past ideology and philosophy by analysing the human actions.
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