The term ‘health system’ refers to the organisation of people, resources and institutions which deliver health care services to meet the health demands and needs of the population.
Different are the types of health systems around the world and each nation have to design its own health system to be compliant with the needs and resources of the country. In some countries the health system planning is distributed among market participants; in other cases, it is controlled by the government, trade unions, charities and religious organisations.
The World Health Organization has outlined the main goals of the nations health systems. These aims consist in providing good health to citizens and responding to the population health needs.
Health systems are usually funded by different methods including a general taxation to the state, national health insurance, private and voluntary health insurance, donations to charities and out-of-pocket payments.
Health services in the UK have been established after the Second World War, and currently, are known under the National Health Service (NHS). All these health services have to be comprehensive, universal and free when delivered.
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