A graphic novel is a book which is created by using comic content and usually includes fiction, non-fiction and anthologised works. Graphic novels differ from comic books which are adapted for comic periodicals.
Graphic novels include different elements such as panel, splash, voice over, speech bubble, emanata and gutter.
The panel is the framed image which offers the reader a point of view on the subjects. Sometimes, panels do not have a frame and create the effect in which the protagonist seems out from the storyline.
The splash is a panel that outlines the width of the page.
The voice over is the part where the narrator can speak directly to the reader; it is usually a part delimited with a hard line.
The speech bubble is a frame around the character's’ speech. If the discourse appears in frames which look like clouds, it means that the protagonist is thinking; otherwise, if the speech appears in jagged lines, it means that the protagonist is shouting.
Emanata is the term to indicate elements such as sweat drops, teardrops or question marks.
Gutters are the space between the panels.
Finally, to create graphic novels, writers should consider different aspects such as style, colours, narration, graphics weight, time, foreground, midground, background, transition and camera angle.
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