General surgery is an umbrella topic that covers a broad range of subjects. The types of surgery could include:
Surgical conditions of the gastrointestinal tract from the oesophagus to the anus
Kidney, pancreas and liver transplants
Initial assessments of patients with peripheral vascular disease
General surgery of childhood
Abdomen and thorax trauma
The subject of general surgery is the largest surgical speciality in the United Kingdom - along with trauma and orthopaedics - employing 31% of the country’s consultant surgeons. It’s a broad surgical topic with many sub-specialities.
Individuals who work within the area of general surgery tend to have their own specialities but also perform the more general work all surgeons are familiar with and have trained in. Acute abdominal pain is the most important area of general surgery as it is the most common area where emergencies occur. The abdomen has various organs meaning there is a higher probability of something going wrong; common conditions are appendicitis, hernias and gallstones.
Keyhole surgery, professionally known as laparoscopic surgery, is widely used within general surgery. It’s a popular method among patients too as it leaves the least amount of scarring, offers the shortest recovery times and most improved outcomes.
As mentioned above, those who perform general surgery will also have specialised in a specific area. These areas could include breast surgery, endocrine surgery, lower gastrointestinal surgery, transplant surgery and many others.
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