Gastrointestinal surgery is concerned with the treatment of diseases found in parts of the body that have roles to play in the digestive system. These include organs such as the stomach, small and large intestines, oesophagus, liver, gallbladder and pancreas.
Surgery is used in circumstances of cancerous and noncancerous growths, damaged parts of the body and to repair an issue such as a hernia.
Other gastrointestinal issues that can be treated with surgery include appendicitis, colon cancer, gallbladder disease, acid reflux, rectal prolapse and inflammatory bowel disease, among others.
Colorectal surgery deals with problems of the rectum, colon and anus and is also referred to as proctology within the field surgery.
Colorectal disorders include protrusion of the walls of the rectum, unnatural cracks or tears in the anus, faecal incontinence, varicosities or swelling, cancer of the colon or rectum, injuries of the anus, treatment of severe colic disorders (e.g Crohn’s disease) and birth defects such as an imperforate anus.
Surgical treatment for said conditions involve procedures such as a colectomy, colostomy, polypectomy, strictureplasty, hemorrhoidectomy and angioplasty. Diagnostic procedures such as colonoscopy are important as they tell the medical professional what type of diagnosis should be given and what procedure can be done to help. Other diagnostic procedures include defecating proctography, sigmoidoscopy and proctoscopy.
Gain access today through your institution or sign up on our website today. With over 500,000 eBooks and eTextbooks in our digital library, we can make your life so much easier. Enjoy reading, with Kortext!