Forestry is the science and art of creating, managing, repairing and using forests, woodland and the related resources to meet human needs and goals, as well as have environmental benefits. This science relates to other disciplines including biology, physics, sociology, politics and management.
Modern forestry usually focuses on different topics such as the wildlife habitat, the landscape and community protection, the biodiversity management, the watershed management, the erosion control and the fuelwood.
An individual who is practising forestry is known as a forester. Nevertheless, terms as verderer and silviculturist are also used.
Nowadays, forestry is a strong body of research which focuses also on how to deliver better methods for planting, extracting and controlling burning.
Furthermore, in different countries, trees are playing a relevant role for both the economic and social field, bringing benefits to people. Therefore, the forest industry has an important function.
Over the years, forestry has become a unique science and different technical schools have started offering programmes related to the subjects. Forestry education typically includes training in biology, ecology, genetics, soil science and forest management.
Silviculture is the process of controlling the establishment, growth, health and quality of forests to meet different needs and values. Silviculture focuses primarily on the regeneration and recreational use of forestland, as well as aims to generate income from forests.
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