The term ‘fitness’ refers to a state of health and well-being, as well as the individuals’ capacity to perform sports and daily activity. Fitness is achieved through a healthy nutrition, moderate physical exercise and sufficient rest.
Before the industrial revolution, the term ‘fitness’ refers to the people's capability to perform daily activities without undue fatigue. Nevertheless, with the changes in the humans’ lifestyles, the term ‘fitness’ currently relates to a measurement of the human body ability to function effectively and efficiently in work and leisure activities. Furthermore, fitness refers to a healthy status, as well as the capacity to resist diseases.
It is very important that individuals keep themselves fit, as fitness is beneficial to the body’s blood pressures, prevents cancer, reduces inflammation and improves people's mental health.
The term ‘diet’, in nutrition, refer to the amount of food consumed by a person or other organisms. A diet involves the use of specific intake of nutrition for health and weight management goals. Diet changes from individual to individual, from culture to culture. Therefore, it can be both healthy and unhealthy.
A healthy diet is at the base of a healthy lifestyle. Nowadays, people who live in developed countries can choose to have a healthy diet as they are able to choose their daily caloric intake.
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