Environmental archaeology is a branch of archaeology which focuses on the relationships between historical societies and environments. Through this science, archaeologists get information about the origin and evolution of environments, as well as their prehistoric adaptation and economic practices.
This discipline includes three sub-areas: archaeobotany, zooarchaeology and geoarchaeology. Archaeobotany is the study of the plant remains; zooarchaeology is the study of faunal fossils; geoarchaeology analyses the geological processes and their relations to the archaeological record.
Furthermore, environmental archaeology relates to other fields including landscape archaeology, climatology, bioarchaeology, human archaeology, archival research and palaeoecology.
The discipline usually focuses on the study of plants and animals' remains as to investigate which species inhabited a place in a prehistoric time and how societies manage them. As well as this, environmental archaeology analyses the physical environment and how it has changed over the years.
Environmental archaeology has emerged as a unique discipline over the last 50 years and currently is growing rapidly.
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