Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine which focuses on the endocrine system and its related diseases. The discipline focuses above all on hormones and their influence on metabolism, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, mood, stress, reproduction, movement and sensory perception.
The endocrine system can be defined as a system of glands which produce hormones, that are chemicals which affect the functionality of different organ systems in the human body. Hormones can be classified into three different classes depending on their chemical composition. These classes are amines, peptide and protein and steroid.
Physicians who are specialised in this discipline are known as endocrinologists and focuses on the disorders which affect the endocrine system including diabetes and hyperthyroidism.
The main aim of endocrinologists is to evaluate different symptoms which are provoked by an excess or deficiency of one or more hormones. Usually, the diagnosis and treatment are based on laboratory tests results.
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