Employment law, also known as labour law, focuses on the relationships between workers, employing entities, the government and trade unions. This law is usually classified into collective labour law and individual labour law. The collective labour law focuses on the tripartite relationship between employer, employee and union. The individual labour law concentrates on the employees' rights and their working contract.
The origins of labour law date to the industrial revolution, when the relationship between employer and employees changed from small-scale production companies to large-scale businesses. As well as this, at that time, employees started asking for better working conditions and the right to join labour unions, while the employers were looking for a more predictable and less expensive workforce.
Labour law deals with different elements.
Firstly, one of the basic aspects considered by the employment law is the working contract. This outlines the rights and obligations of the relationship between employer and worker.
Secondly, the labour law outlines that each worker should receive a minimum amount of money per working hour.
Thirdly, the employment law covers the aspect of living wages. Every full-time employee should have a wage which is higher than the minimum wage and permits to support himself and a small family.
Additionally, the labour law sets a maximum number of hours workers can spend at work on a daily basis. The law also outlines that employees who work more should receive an additional compensation.
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