By browsing this category you can find ebooks related to earth science, geography, environmental science and urban planning.
Earth science, also known as geoscience is a term that is used on natural sciences to refer to the planet Earth. This discipline primarily focuses on the physical constitution of the planet and its atmosphere. Nevertheless, it includes also topics such as geology, and the study of the lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere.
As well as this, it aims attention at the Earth physical features such as earthquakes, raindrops, fossils and floods and it can be considered as a branch of the planetary science.
Scientists who operate in this sector usually adopt tools which are used in other scientific subjects such as geography, physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics to understand how the planet works.
Geography is a branch of the sciences which studies our planet's lands, features, inhabitants and phenomena. Initially used by Eratosthenes, geography is a discipline that wants to understand how the planet works and its human and natural complexities.
This discipline is usually divided into two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography focuses on the people's interaction with the environment. Physical geography, instead, focuses more on what happens in the natural environment, considering also the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere.
Geography has been defined as the world discipline and the link between human and physical sciences.
Environmental science is a field of study that integrates physical, biological and information science to examine the environment and deal with its problems. This subject emerged during the enlightenment period from two disciplines: natural history and medicine.
Usually, environmental science is related to two areas of study: the environmental studies and the environmental engineering. Environmental studies are those who are interested in social sciences and the humans' relationships and perceptions with the environment. Instead, environmental engineering focuses on design and technologies which can improve the quality of the environment.
Scientists who operate in the area usually try to understand the earth process, evaluating alternative energy systems, natural resource management and the effects of the global climate change.
Finally, Urban planning is a branch of architecture which is focused on the design and organisation of the urban space and activities. It determines and designs plans for the future urban physical arrangement. Since the subject is related to the architecture sector, urban planners usually work in collaboration with landscape architects, civil engineers and public administrators to achieve their goals.
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