Earth science or geoscience is a branch of natural sciences related to the planet Earth. The discipline deals with the physical construction of the earth and its atmosphere. It focuses on the planet physical features such as earthquakes, raindrops, floods and fossils.
Earth sciences include also the study of geology, the lithosphere, the internal structure of the planet, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere and biosphere. As well as this, scientists who focus on this discipline use tools from physics, chemistry, geography, chronology, mathematics and biology.
The main fields of study which are included in Earth sciences are physical geography, geology, geophysics, soil science, ecology, hydrology, oceanography and limnology, glaciology and sciences which focus on the atmosphere.
Physical geography concentrates on the process and aspects of the natural environment such as atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere.
Geology focuses on the rocky parts of the lithosphere and includes subdisciplines such as mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, stratigraphy, structural geology, palaeontology and sedimentology.
Geophysics is the study of the shape of the Earth and it focuses on its forces and gravity. The discipline concentrates on the study of the planet's core and mantle, as well as the tectonic and seismic activity of the Earth’s crust.
Soil science concentrates on the formation process of the soil. Ecology focuses on the interactions between the biota (plants and animals) with their natural environment.
Hydrology, Oceanography and Limnology focus on the movement, distribution and quality of the water.
Glaciology concentrate on the cryosphere. Finally, atmospheric sciences study the gaseous parts of the planet.
Do you want to know more about this discipline? Browse this category. You will find a broad range of digital books which will help you in your studies.
Still can’t find what you're looking for? Take a look at our other categories or different publishers or other authors. We have more than 500,000 ebooks to choose from. Enjoy reading with Kortext!